INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE (IB)
The International Baccalaureate Organisation (known as IB) is an international educational foundation created in 1968 in Geneva, Switzerland. It offers an education for students aged 3 to 19, comprising of four challenging and high-quality educational programmes for a community of worldwide schools with the purpose of creating a better and more peaceful world. Moreover, it focuses on teaching students to think critically and independently, as well as to be inquirers, caring, and logical, preparing them for life in the 21st century.
Advantages of the IB
- One mission.
- Four challenging programmes, providing a continuum of education for students aged 3 to 19.
- Over 4,200 IB world schools implementing more than 5,300 programmes.
- More than 75,000 teachers trained each year.
- More than 1,250,000 students aged 3 to 19.
IB LEARNER PROFILE
The essence of all our programmes is the IB Learner Profile, a global and long-term vision of education that supports the IB continuum of education and puts the student at the centre of everything we do. The Learner Profile is the IB mission statement in action and offers a set of learning behaviours that aims to inspire, motivate, and focus the students, the teachers, and the entire IB community, uniting them for a common goal. The International Baccalaureate aims to educate young people who are caring, knowledgeable, and eager for knowledge, capable of contributing to the creation of a better and more peaceful world, within the framework of intercultural understanding and respect. In pursuit of this goal, the organisation works with schools, governments, and international organisations to create and develop challenging international educational programmes and demanding assessment methods. These programmes encourage students around the world to adopt an active lifelong learning attitude, to be compassionate, and to understand that other people, with their differences, can also be right.
IB programmes share a powerful vision based on the values described in the learner profile.
• Centres on students – IB programmes promote healthy relationships, ethical responsibility, and personal growth.
• Develops effective teaching and learning approaches – IB programmes help students to develop the attitudes and skills necessary for both academic and personal success.
• Works within global contexts – IB programmes increase the understanding of languages and cultures and explore ideas and issues with global relevance.
• Explores meaningful content – IB programmes offer a broad, balanced, conceptual, and cohesive curriculum.
PRIMARY YEARS PROGRAMME — PYP
The IB Primary Years Programme (PYP), for students aged 3 to 12, is designed to develop students as caring and active participants in a lifelong journey of learning.
Through its inquiry-led, transdisciplinary framework, the PYP challenges students to think for themselves and take responsibility for their learning as they explore local and global issues and opportunities in real-life contexts.
The PYP CurriculumThe Primary Years Programme (PYP) of the International Baccalaureate (IB) is based on six transdisciplinary themes around which learning is planned focusing on issues that go across subject areas. These themes are:
• Who we are.
• Where we are in place and time.
• How we express ourselves.
• How the world works.
• How we organise ourselves.
• Sharing the planet
THE MIDDLE YEARS PROGRAMME — MYP
The Middle Years Programme – (MYP) of the International Baccalaureate (IB) emphasises intellectual challenge. It encourages students aged 11 to 16 to establish practical connections between their studies and the real world, preparing them for success in further studies and in life.
The goal of the MYP is to develop young people with an active role in their learning and an international mindset while being able to empathise with others and pursue lives of purpose and meaning.
The programme provides the tools to inquire into a wide range of issues and ideas of local, national, and global significance. As a result, young people become creative, critical, and reflective thinkers.
The MYP Curriculum
The Middle Years Programme (MYP) of the International Baccalaureate (IB) comprises eight subject groups:
• Language Acquisition.
• Language and Literature.
• Individuals and Societies.
• Physical and Health Education.
The Diploma Programme (DP) is an educational programme with its own assessment system designed for students aged 16 and 19 and respected by leading universities across the globe.
The programme aims to prepare students to acquire an excellent breadth and depth of knowledge while growing physically, intellectually, emotionally, and ethically.
The DP Curriculum
• In Theory of Knowledge (TOK), students reflect on the nature of knowledge and on how we know what we claim to know.
• The Extended Essay is an independent, self-directed research work carried out by the student, culminating in a 4.000-word essay.
• In Creativity, Activity and Service (CAS), students complete a project related to these three concepts.
These are the six subject groups with different courses within each subject group:
• Studies in Language and Literature.
• Language Acquisition.
• Individuals and Societies.